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{{Replicant tab|Film}}
 
{{Replicant tab|Film}}
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{{Film Continuity}}
 
[[File:118full-blade-runner-screenshot.jpg|thumb|350px|The definition given by the ''[[New American Dictionary]]''{{ref|brwp}}]]
 
[[File:118full-blade-runner-screenshot.jpg|thumb|350px|The definition given by the ''[[New American Dictionary]]''{{ref|brwp}}]]
A '''replicant''' was a synthetic, bio-robotic being with para-physical capabilities and designed to resemble a living, organic being. It was a genetically engineered being "composed entirely of organic substance" and marketed for labor by [[Tyrell Corporation]] and its successor, the [[Wallace Corporation]].
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A '''replicant''' was a genetically engineered, bio-enhanced person with para-physical capabilities, "composed entirely of organic substance," created for slave labor by [[Tyrell Corporation]] and its successor, the [[Wallace Corporation]]. The Tyrell motto was "More human than human."
   
Replicants are sometimes referred to as "'''skin-jobs'''," as their likeness is often skindeep. Replicants consider the term a slur.
+
Replicants were sometimes referred to as "'''skinjobs'''," as they were indistinguishable from non-engineered humans, except for their empathetic abilities. The term was considered a slur.
  +
  +
Throughout the existence of replicants, various movements [[Replicant activism|for]] and [[Human supremacy|against]] their freedom were formed.
   
 
==History==
 
==History==
A replicant was a bioengineered android composed entirely of organic substances. The 'Nexus' series of replicants were virtually identical to adult humans, but had superior strength, speed, agility, resilience and intelligence to varying degrees depending on the model. These replicants were also programmed to live for a designated four years, an aspect that prompted [[Six renegade replicants|a group of replicants]] to revolt and travel to Tyrell Corporation to negotiate the terms of their designated life span.{{ref|br}}
+
A replicant was a bioengineered human composed entirely of organic material. Introduced in [[2000]],{{ref|br2019_fcbd}} the [[Tyrell Corporation]]'s 'Nexus' series of replicants were virtually identical to standard adult humans, but had superior strength, speed, agility, resilience and intelligence to varying degrees depending on the model.{{ref|br}} In [[2009]], the murder of [[Lydia Kine]] by a [[Nexus-4]] [[Nexus 4-331575]] prompted further redesigns.{{ref|br2019_fcbd}}
  +
  +
The Tyrell Corporation later introduced the [[Nexus-6]], the supreme replicant — much stronger and faster than, and virtually indistinguishable from, humans. These replicants were also programmed to live for a designated four years, an aspect that prompted [[Six renegade replicants|a group of replicants]] to revolt and travel to the Tyrell Corporation to negotiate the terms of their designated life span.{{ref|br}}
  +
 
Some replicants were given to people accepting an offer to emigrate to the [[off-world]] [[Off-world Colonies|colonies]]. Others were used in combat to protect colonists and explore other worlds ([[Zuben]], [[Iggy Cygnus]] and [[Roy Batty]] were combat models).{{ref|br}}
  +
 
After a bloody mutiny against an Off-world colony staged by a Nexus-6 combat team in [[2018]],{{ref|timeline}} the law forbade replicant existence on Earth, except in the huge industrial complex where they were created. The law did not consider replicants human and therefore accorded them no rights nor protection. Thus, special police units known as "[[Blade Runner (police)|Blade Runners]]" were assigned to hunt down and [[retire]] replicants.{{ref|br}}
   
  +
A key aspect of replicant psychology was that they are lacking in empathy, in effect making them textbook sociopaths. A replicant could be detected by means of the [[Voight-Kampff test]], in which emotional responses were provoked; replicants' nonverbal responses differed from that of a standard human. According to Blade Runner [[Rick Deckard]], a normal replicant could usually be discovered after being given twenty to thirty questions.{{ref|br}}
Some replicants were given away "free" to people accepting the offer to emigrate to the [[off-world]] [[Off-world Colonies|colonies]]. Others were used in combat to protect colonists and explore other worlds ([[Zuben]], [[Iggy Cygnus]] and [[Roy Batty]] were combat models). The Tyrell Corporation introduced the [[Nexus-6]], the supreme replicant — much stronger and faster than, and virtually indistinguishable from, humans.{{ref|br}}
 
   
  +
Nexus-6 replicants had a built-in four-year lifespan, created as a safety mechanism to prevent them from developing empathic abilities. Due to their short lifespans, replicants had no framework within which to deal with their emotions, which led to them being emotionally inexperienced. This was especially necessary for Mental-A models whose intellectual capacity at least matched their designers.{{ref|br}}
After a bloody mutiny against an off-world colony staged by a Nexus-6 combat model in 2018,{{ref|timeline}} law forbid replicant existence on Earth, except in the huge industrial complex where they were created. The law did not consider replicants human and therefore accorded them no rights nor protection. Thus, special police units known as "[[Blade Runner (police)|Blade Runners]]" were established to hunt down and [[retire]] replicants.{{ref|br}}
 
   
A replicant could be detected by means of the [[Voight-Kampff test]], in which emotional responses were provoked; replicants' nonverbal responses differed from humans'. A key aspect of replicant psychology was that they are lacking in empathy, in effect making them textbook sociopaths. Nexus-6 replicants also had a safety mechanism, namely their four-year lifespan, to prevent them from developing empathic abilities (and, therefore, immunity to the test). This was especially necessary for Mental-A models whose intellectual capacity at least matched their designers. Due to their short lifespans, replicants had no framework within which to deal with their emotions, which led to them being emotionally inexperienced. [[Eldon Tyrell]] sought to change this by gifting replicant with a past through implanted memories and therefore creating an emotional cushion that would make them far more controllable. This vision led to the creation of [[Rachael]], a replicant who was implanted with the memories of Tyrell's niece and believed herself to be human.{{ref|br}}
+
[[Eldon Tyrell]] sought to change this by gifting replicants with a past through implanted memories and therefore creating an emotional cushion that would make them far more controllable. This vision led to the creation of [[Rachael]], a [[Nexus-7]]{{ref|br2049}} replicant who was implanted with the memories of Tyrell's niece and believed herself to be human. Rachael answered over one hundred Voight-Kampff questions before Deckard determined she was a replicant.{{ref|br}}
   
  +
Another Nexus-7 was designed to effectively replace [[Isobel Selwyn]], the late wife of Tyrell's friend [[Alexander Selwyn]]. The [[Isobel Selwyn (replicant)|replicant Isobel]] was identical to her, and the couple's daughter, [[Cleo Selwyn|Cleo]], was unaware of the replacement.{{ref|br2019_3}}
According to Blade Runner [[Rick Deckard]], a normal replicant could usually be discovered using the Voight-Kampff test, after being given twenty to thirty questions. [[Rachael]] answered over one-hundred questions before Deckard determined she was a replicant.{{ref|br}}
 
   
Prompted by Tyrell's death in November 2019 at the hands of Nexus-6 Roy Batty, the [[Nexus-8]] model was rushed onto the market in 2020 with open-ended lifespans and ocular implants for easy identification.{{ref|timeline}}
+
Prompted by Tyrell's death in November [[2019]] at the hands of Nexus-6 Roy Batty, the [[Nexus-8]] model was rushed onto the market in [[2020]] with open-ended lifespans and ocular implants with serial numbers for easier identification.{{ref|timeline}}
   
In addition to her memory implants, Rachael was an experimental reproductive model of replicant, who ultimately conceived a [[Ana Stelline|daughter]] with Deckard. As she died during childbirth in 2021, of complications related to a caesarean section, it is uncertain if she could have lived beyond four years.{{ref|br2049}}
+
In addition to her memory implants, Rachael was an experimental reproductive model of replicant, who ultimately conceived a [[Ana Stelline|daughter]] with Deckard. As she died during childbirth in [[2021]] of complications related to a Caesarean section, it is uncertain if she could have lived beyond four years.{{ref|br2049}}
   
Replicants were widely believed to be the cause of the [[Blackout]] in 2022.{{ref|timeline}}
+
Replicants were widely believed to be the cause of the [[Blackout]] in [[2022]].{{ref|timeline}}
   
In 2023, an indefinite prohibition was placed on replicant production. By this time, all of the Nexus-6 models had been decommissioned due to their four-year lifespans. Surviving Nexus-8 replicants were ordered to be retired, prompting some to go into hiding.{{ref|timeline}}
+
In [[2023]], an indefinite prohibition was placed on replicant production. By this time, all of the Nexus-6 models had been decommissioned due to their four-year lifespans. Surviving Nexus-8 replicants were ordered to be retired, prompting some to go into hiding.{{ref|timeline}}
   
In the 2030s, after acquiring the remnants of the bankrupt Tyrell Corporation, [[Niander Wallace]], with his company, the [[Wallace Corporation]], improved upon Tyrell's replicants by making them obedient and able to be controlled. This led to the prohibition being lifted in 2036 and the introduction of the [[Nexus-9]].{{ref|timeline}}
+
In the [[2030s]], after acquiring the remnants of the bankrupt Tyrell Corporation, [[Niander Wallace]], with his company, the [[Wallace Corporation]], improved upon Tyrell's replicants by making them obedient and able to be controlled. This led to the prohibition being lifted in 2036 and the introduction of the [[Nexus-9]].{{ref|timeline}}
   
 
Animal replicants ([[animoid]]s) were developed first for use as pets and beasts of burden after most real animals became extinct.{{ref|br}}
 
Animal replicants ([[animoid]]s) were developed first for use as pets and beasts of burden after most real animals became extinct.{{ref|br}}
   
 
==Behind the scenes==
 
==Behind the scenes==
  +
{{Quote|Replicants are bioengineered humans, designed by Tyrell Corporation for use off-world. Their enhanced strength made them ideal slave labor. After a series of violent rebellions, their manufacture became prohibited and Tyrell Corp went bankrupt. The collapse of ecosystems in the mid 2020s led to the rise of industrialist Niander Wallace, whose mastery of synthetic farming averted famine. Wallace acquired the remains of Tyrell Corp and created a new line of replicants who obey. Many older model replicants—NEXUS 8s with open-ended lifespans—survived. They are hunted down and "Retired". Those that hunt them still go by the name... Blade Runner.|Opening crawl of ''[[Blade Runner 2049]]''|Blade Runner 2049}}
In the film, the replicants represent the role of machine, whereas Deckard, the blade runner, takes the role of the human. The replicants pose an obvious danger to the functional aspects of utopian society.
 
   
 
In his novel ''[[Do Androids Dream of Electric Sheep?]]'' (the basis of ''[[Blade Runner]]''), [[Philip K. Dick]] used the term [[android]] (or "andy"), but director [[Ridley Scott]] wanted a new term that the audience would not have any preconceptions about. As [[David Peoples]] was re-writing the screenplay, he consulted his daughter, who was involved in microbiology and biochemistry. She suggested the term "replicating", the biological process of a cell making a copy of itself. From that, either Peoples or Scott—each would later recall it was the other—came up with replicant and it was inserted into Hampton Fancher's screenplay.{{ref|fn}}
The science-fiction movie fully proves that the world is far from perfect. [[Rick Deckard|Deckard]] in the film appears to have no emotions as he represents humans in 2019. Hence Roy who happens to be a replicant have many more emotions than Deckard, he manages to save him, that connotes caring.
 
   
The theatrical cut's voice-over ending said that as an experimental replicant, Rachael didn't have the four-year life but the Director's Cut did not address this. Scott said that he had wanted to cast a young actress in the role to emphasise Rachael's naivety and unworldliness.
+
The theatrical cut's voice-over ending states that as an experimental replicant, Rachael did not have the four-year life-span.
   
In [[Do Androids Dream of Electric Sheep?]], the android manufacturer, known as the Rosen Corporation, did not know how to manufacture an android capable of living beyond four years. The super-soldiers in Soldier—the "spiritual successor" to Blade Runner—are intended to be replicants in the film.
+
The super-soldiers in ''[[Soldier]]'' the "spiritual successor" to ''Blade Runner'' — are intended to be replicants in the film.
   
  +
[[M. Emmet Walsh]] contends that, during filming, the term "skinjob" was not considered bigoted, instead being simply slang for a replicant. The idea of it being a pejorative term originated with the theatrical version's voiceovers.{{ref|fn}} Additionally, the workprint version's definition of replicant refers to the term as slang.
In his novel Do Androids Dream of Electric Sheep? (the inspiration for Blade Runner), [[Philip K. Dick]] used the term android (or "andy"), but director [[Ridley Scott]] wanted a new term that the audience would not have any preconceptions about. As [[David Peoples]] was re-writing the screenplay, he consulted his daughter, who was involved in microbiology and biochemistry. She suggested the term "replicating", the biological process of a cell making a copy of itself. From that, either Peoples or Scott—each would later recall it was the other—came up with replicant and it was inserted into Hampton Fancher's screenplay.
 
   
 
==References==
 
==References==
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[[ja:レプリカント]]
 
[[ja:レプリカント]]
 
[[Category:Culture]]
 
[[Category:Culture]]
[[Category:Replicant models| ]]
+
[[Category:Film continuity]]

Latest revision as of 21:30, 21 August 2020

Film
Do Androids Dream of Electric Sheep?
Header Tag Spacer.png
Film Continuity.png

The definition given by the New American Dictionary[1]

A replicant was a genetically engineered, bio-enhanced person with para-physical capabilities, "composed entirely of organic substance," created for slave labor by Tyrell Corporation and its successor, the Wallace Corporation. The Tyrell motto was "More human than human."

Replicants were sometimes referred to as "skinjobs," as they were indistinguishable from non-engineered humans, except for their empathetic abilities. The term was considered a slur.

Throughout the existence of replicants, various movements for and against their freedom were formed.

History[edit | edit source]

A replicant was a bioengineered human composed entirely of organic material. Introduced in 2000,[2] the Tyrell Corporation's 'Nexus' series of replicants were virtually identical to standard adult humans, but had superior strength, speed, agility, resilience and intelligence to varying degrees depending on the model.[3] In 2009, the murder of Lydia Kine by a Nexus-4 Nexus 4-331575 prompted further redesigns.[2]

The Tyrell Corporation later introduced the Nexus-6, the supreme replicant — much stronger and faster than, and virtually indistinguishable from, humans. These replicants were also programmed to live for a designated four years, an aspect that prompted a group of replicants to revolt and travel to the Tyrell Corporation to negotiate the terms of their designated life span.[3]

Some replicants were given to people accepting an offer to emigrate to the off-world colonies. Others were used in combat to protect colonists and explore other worlds (Zuben, Iggy Cygnus and Roy Batty were combat models).[3]

After a bloody mutiny against an Off-world colony staged by a Nexus-6 combat team in 2018,[4] the law forbade replicant existence on Earth, except in the huge industrial complex where they were created. The law did not consider replicants human and therefore accorded them no rights nor protection. Thus, special police units known as "Blade Runners" were assigned to hunt down and retire replicants.[3]

A key aspect of replicant psychology was that they are lacking in empathy, in effect making them textbook sociopaths. A replicant could be detected by means of the Voight-Kampff test, in which emotional responses were provoked; replicants' nonverbal responses differed from that of a standard human. According to Blade Runner Rick Deckard, a normal replicant could usually be discovered after being given twenty to thirty questions.[3]

Nexus-6 replicants had a built-in four-year lifespan, created as a safety mechanism to prevent them from developing empathic abilities. Due to their short lifespans, replicants had no framework within which to deal with their emotions, which led to them being emotionally inexperienced. This was especially necessary for Mental-A models whose intellectual capacity at least matched their designers.[3]

Eldon Tyrell sought to change this by gifting replicants with a past through implanted memories and therefore creating an emotional cushion that would make them far more controllable. This vision led to the creation of Rachael, a Nexus-7[5] replicant who was implanted with the memories of Tyrell's niece and believed herself to be human. Rachael answered over one hundred Voight-Kampff questions before Deckard determined she was a replicant.[3]

Another Nexus-7 was designed to effectively replace Isobel Selwyn, the late wife of Tyrell's friend Alexander Selwyn. The replicant Isobel was identical to her, and the couple's daughter, Cleo, was unaware of the replacement.[6]

Prompted by Tyrell's death in November 2019 at the hands of Nexus-6 Roy Batty, the Nexus-8 model was rushed onto the market in 2020 with open-ended lifespans and ocular implants with serial numbers for easier identification.[4]

In addition to her memory implants, Rachael was an experimental reproductive model of replicant, who ultimately conceived a daughter with Deckard. As she died during childbirth in 2021 of complications related to a Caesarean section, it is uncertain if she could have lived beyond four years.[5]

Replicants were widely believed to be the cause of the Blackout in 2022.[4]

In 2023, an indefinite prohibition was placed on replicant production. By this time, all of the Nexus-6 models had been decommissioned due to their four-year lifespans. Surviving Nexus-8 replicants were ordered to be retired, prompting some to go into hiding.[4]

In the 2030s, after acquiring the remnants of the bankrupt Tyrell Corporation, Niander Wallace, with his company, the Wallace Corporation, improved upon Tyrell's replicants by making them obedient and able to be controlled. This led to the prohibition being lifted in 2036 and the introduction of the Nexus-9.[4]

Animal replicants (animoids) were developed first for use as pets and beasts of burden after most real animals became extinct.[3]

Behind the scenes[edit | edit source]

"Replicants are bioengineered humans, designed by Tyrell Corporation for use off-world. Their enhanced strength made them ideal slave labor. After a series of violent rebellions, their manufacture became prohibited and Tyrell Corp went bankrupt. The collapse of ecosystems in the mid 2020s led to the rise of industrialist Niander Wallace, whose mastery of synthetic farming averted famine. Wallace acquired the remains of Tyrell Corp and created a new line of replicants who obey. Many older model replicants—NEXUS 8s with open-ended lifespans—survived. They are hunted down and "Retired". Those that hunt them still go by the name... Blade Runner."

Opening crawl of Blade Runner 2049[src]

In his novel Do Androids Dream of Electric Sheep? (the basis of Blade Runner), Philip K. Dick used the term android (or "andy"), but director Ridley Scott wanted a new term that the audience would not have any preconceptions about. As David Peoples was re-writing the screenplay, he consulted his daughter, who was involved in microbiology and biochemistry. She suggested the term "replicating", the biological process of a cell making a copy of itself. From that, either Peoples or Scott—each would later recall it was the other—came up with replicant and it was inserted into Hampton Fancher's screenplay.[7]

The theatrical cut's voice-over ending states that as an experimental replicant, Rachael did not have the four-year life-span.

The super-soldiers in Soldier — the "spiritual successor" to Blade Runner — are intended to be replicants in the film.

M. Emmet Walsh contends that, during filming, the term "skinjob" was not considered bigoted, instead being simply slang for a replicant. The idea of it being a pejorative term originated with the theatrical version's voiceovers.[7] Additionally, the workprint version's definition of replicant refers to the term as slang.

References[edit | edit source]

  1. Blade Runner – workprint version
  2. 2.0 2.1 Blade Runner 2019 – Free Comic Book Day Special
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 3.4 3.5 3.6 3.7 Blade Runner – all versions
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 4.3 4.4 Road to 2049 timeline
  5. 5.0 5.1 Blade Runner 2049
  6. Blade Runner 2019 #3
  7. 7.0 7.1 Future Noir: The Making of Blade Runner – Revised & Updated Edition
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